prolonged rain – Extended periods of rain that last longer than usual are becoming more frequent and particularly affects coffee flower development and fruit set. Severe episodes can cause floods and landslides as well as damage to infrastructure etc.
intermittent rain – Unusual rain patterns which stop and start at irregular intervals can cause several poor flowerings in coffee plants and pose challenges to coffee drying and other production processes which require consistent weather.
short term rain events - Catastrophic rain events are predicted to become a more frequent phenomena. There are not only catastrophic for coffee production due to damage to the crop, soil and infrastructure, but they can also cause extreme hardship for entire communities. Short term rain events include…
- hurricanes/typhoons - A tropical cyclone for which the maximum 1-minute sustained surface wind is 64 knots (74 mph) or greater. These weather phenomena often are accompanied with heavy rains.
- heavy thunderstorms – A thunderstorm that produces a tornado, winds of at least 58 mph (50knots), and/or hail at least 1″ in diameter. Structural wind damage may imply the occurrence of a severe thunderstorm. A thunderstorm wind equal to or greater than 40 mph (35 knots) and/or hail of at least 1″ is defined as approaching severe.
- hail - Showery precipitation in the form of irregular pellets or balls of ice.